9 Dangerous Goods and Why They Are Regulated

By Haylee Bail 2016-05-28 00:00:00

Regulations are everywhere that you look whether you have awareness to it or not. Regulation practices are put into effect to insure safety, order, and sometimes a mixture of the two. One of the most regulated categories is the one known as “dangerous” goods.


Dangerous goods by definition are items/materials that have properties that could potentially be hazardous. These goods are given specific ways they must travel due to the fact that if they were handled carelessly the result could pose harm/hazard to human health, the particular area, and even possible the means of transport.


These are the 9 dangerous goods and the reason they are regulated: 

1. Explosives

Explosives are labeled a dangerous good for more than just their name, which would probably be enough most places. Explosives have several subcategories but the trait they share is the fact that explosives can create a chemical reaction that produces gas, which can lead to  a very hazardous situation.

2. Gases

Gases are scientifically defined as substance that has a vapour pressure of 300 kPa or greater at 50 degrees Celsius. These pose a threat due to their flammability and the toxic effect some can have if exposed to human contact.

3. Flammable Liquids

These are scientifically identified as items that have what is called a flash point, which is flammable vapour, at temperatures of 60-65 degrees Celsius. The potential for conflagration is what places these on the list.

4. Flammable Solids

Flammable solids are classified as materials that can combust as a result of friction during travel. They are likely to also have a chemical reaction that causes them to heat up during normal travel conditions.

5. Oxidizing Substances

 These are substances that a similar but different to the flammable solids. These are likely to create a combustion scenario due to their ability to yield oxygen. As a result of this it can cause other materials to react in ways they normally wouldn’t.

6. Toxic and Infectious Substances

This is medical and biomedical waste and materials similar to them. The reaction when exposed to the skin can significantly harm humans and animals alike.

7. Radioactive Material

Not common, but still a dangerous good. This category falls under scientific definitions for radiation. There are readings that are considered normal, and those outside of normal are considered dangerous. The risk to health comes when experiencing radioactive decay. 

8. Corrosives

Corrosives are mostly known as acid. It causes severe damage when contact to skin occurs. This can also fall under dyes, paints, and various other items that may seem like a common harmless object.

9. Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods

This category is very broad on account of it covering several subdivisions of items that pose threat to human health on account of particular means of travel. This ranges from dry ice, to vehicles, to first aid kits.


These are the 9 goods that are watched out for in the most common methods of travel. Regulations in regard to these items are in place to make people aware of potential threats, and to grant opportunity to prevent them. It’s definitely a good think that they are willing and able. Visit ICC Compliance Center to learn more.

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9 Dangerous Goods and Why They Are Regulated

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